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Spyridon Marinatos was born in Lixouri, Kefallonia, on November 4, 1901, and died in the excavations of the prehistoric settlement of Akrotiri, Santorini on October 1, 1974. He studied archeology at the University of Athens, where he graduated in 1921. In 1925 he was appointed Ephorate of Antiquities of Crete. During the period 1927-1929 he left for further education in Germany.

In the period 1937-1939 he was Director of Antiquities and Historical Monuments of the Ministry of Education. In 1939 he was elected a regular Professor of Archeology at the University of Athens. In 1955 he was elected a full member of the Academy of Athens. In the period 1955-1958 he served for the second time as Director of Antiquities and Historical Monuments of the Ministry of Education. In 1958 he was elected rector of the University of Athens. In 1967 he took over the General Inspection of Antiquities.During the period 1967-1974 he carried out excavations in the Akrotiri area of ​​Santorini.

In September 1967, in the ESIEA’s lecture hall, Sp. Marinatos made an historic announcement of his excavation work on Thira Island:”… It has been shown that we are in front of a large band which seems to be a palace. (…) The rooms are complete of all types of antiquities. Painted pottery is abundant. (…) There were clear traces of a great earthquake, which destroyed the buildings before the rain and ash rain started … ”

According to the professor, the findings (a Minoan palace) confirm his theory that Minoan civilization was destroyed in 1500 BC by a gigantic eruption of the Thira volcano. Marinatos envisioned the creation of a “prototype musing-excavation where the visitor would see a prehistoric Pompeii as it was at the time when he suddenly broke the thread of her life, sometime around 1500 BC.” [1] On October 1, 1974, Spyridon Marinatos died from an accident at the so-called “Triangle Square” in the excavations of the prehistoric settlement of Akrotiri.

Spyros Marinatos was initially buried, as he wished, at Group D, in the prehistoric settlement of Akrotiri, Santorini, and remained there until 2005. However, it was moved to the south (central) entrance of the archaeological site near the prison, but it is expected in the future, be transferred to a monument that will be built in honor of another nearby location.

In 1927 he revealed the entrance of the Prehistoric Cave in the village of Eleni in Rethymno. He also excavated Amnissos or Karteros, east of Heraklion, where in 1932 he revealed the cave of the goddess Elythethias, the sanctuary of Zeus, the great Minoan mansion with frescoes of white lilies and buildings of various types and uses, as well as a large building, of the end of the Middle Minoan period, in Apodoulos, Rethymnon. In Monopola, he discovered a Mycenaean Cemetery (1300-1100 BC) with clay and bronze objects and a sarcophagus.

He served as a member of the Allied Command with the rank of senior magistrate, and in 1946 he undertook the search for Western Europe and the repatriation of the antiquities stolen in Greece during the Second World War. His effort has yielded significant gains and has succeeded in repatriating significant findings from Austria and Italy.In 1960, he referred to the importance of the discovery of the ancient city of Aliki, saying that only the declaration of a third world war would overshadow its discovery, and according to his view the works in the city belong to the classical period that Skopas and Praxiteles lived .

In 1963, in the excavations on the small island of Melissani, he discovered a sanctuary devoted to God Pan and ceramic objects of the 3rd and 4th century BC, the ruins of Kranis and graves in Leivathos, as well as the exact point of the Battle of Thermopylae . In 1977, with his guide Pausanias, he brought to light the Early Helladic prehistoric cemetery at Chepi Marathonas and the inter-Hellenic tombs of Vrana, which are accessible after their accommodation, and the creation of visiting corridors

His controversy with the professor of the Athenian Seismological Institute, Angelos Galanopoulos, about whether Santorini is the “lost Atlantis” was intense. Their controversy began in 1939 and took place after the earthquake of 1956, when a prehistoric stone building was excavated in the Fira mines, and Galanopoulos found in the same place charred wood and human bones, which were dated back to 1450 BC, a fact which led Galanopoulos to the belief that the island was the lost Atlantis, a possibility he himself excluded.

Beginning with the excavations in 1967, he found a charred tree in the mines of Fira, which was burned in 1450 BC, and after 1967 in Akrotiri he discovered a whole city buried under the volcanic ash with two-storey houses with streets and cobbled streets , with walls painted with bright colors. Despite all his excavations, he insisted until the end of his life that it was not Santorini, the lost Atlantis, but that it was just the “… the headquarters of the regional administration of the Cyclades, 3,500 years ago”.


Rokos Choidas (1830- May 3, 1890-May 15, with the new calendar) was a judge, a deputy and chiefly known for his struggles against the monarchy.Rokos Choidas was born in Nauplio in 1830 and was a son of a hieroglyph, a son of an old Kefonia family who in 1500 settled on the island from Crete. In 1593 the family enrolled in the Libro d’oro. He studied law in Italy and followed the judiciary, reaching the rank of Deputy Prosecutor of Appeals.
He studied law in Athens and Italy. Returning to Greece in the early 1860s, he worked as a lawyer and actively participated in the dethronement of Otto. In 1875, in a protest meeting of the people in Syntagma Square for the arbitrariness of the Voulgari government, Messoggian deputy Staikos muttered the concentrated people, resulting in an intervention in favor of the people of Hoida, who, from the post of the prosecutor of appeals, put forward his liberal ideas. Eventually the brawl ended in a duel, in which Staikos shot him in the lung. For a month he was delighted, and a crowd of people gathered daily outside his home.
The Royal Court, in order to prevent its unrest, suggested that his daughter, Penelope, be sent to study in Switzerland with a scholarship from the palace, and then be appointed lady on queen’s prices. But Hois refused, gaining the appreciation of his homosexuals and at the same time the wisdom of the pro-monarchists.On July 18, 1875, he was elected a member of the Krajina of Kefallinia and in 1883 a deputy of Attica. During his political career, he was distinguished for his rhetorical skills but mainly for his opposition to Basel. He faced a lot of difficulties, mainly in his election tours, by various inter-state mechanisms, resulting in not always being elected a deputy.In 1885 he finally resigned from the parliamentary office as a protest for the attempted murder against him on the stairs of the House, with Kokkinopoulos being the main organizer. However, his resignation was not accepted, but he never returned to the House, thus continuing his democratic struggles outside the Parliament Hall.
In the same year he founded the People’s Party with Kalavrytinos MP Economou, who soon broke up and supported democratic associations such as the Democratic Association of Patras and the Socialist Association of Stavros Kallergis. He then collaborated with Kleanthi Triantafyllou on the publication of the political-social magazine “Ragagas”. His ideology was opposed to that of Trikoupis, and they ended in a rupture. On September 4, 1888, although he was familiar with the articles of the then existing Greek Constitution, he published two articles in the newspaper Rampagas, which were considered abusive for King George I and the successor of the throne, Konstantinos. Then Choidas was arrested, after a possible consensus of his columnist, “Prefect”, at that time, Prime Minister Charilaos Trikoupis, and was brought to trial in Amfissa, where in May 1889, after a 24-hour apology, during which blamed the grooms and royal parties of that time, was sentenced to three years’ imprisonment and was taken to the prisons of Chalkida. It is said that Trikoupis informed him that he would be given a favor if he had previously declared his faith in the ConstitutionChoidas, however, considered the proposal degrading and refused to accept her where she remained for only one year in prison until mid-May 1890, when she died of a relapse of her old wound due to the hardships of the prison. Some argued that he had committed suicide, which was not proven.


Petros Alivazatos was born in Athens. He attended the Experimental School and the Athens School of Medicine. He is practicing in Surgery at the Navy, at the Polyclinic of Athens and at the Hippocratic Hospital. He is trained for three years in America and returns to Greece, from where he soon recovers because of a break with the then medical establishment.In the next twenty years, he is working abroad, an apprentice to the “father” of heart transplants Richard Lower and to “Leonardo da Vinci” in surgery, Sir Magdi Yacoub. He establishes two Transplantation Programs – Heart and Lung – in Texas. He returns to Greece to establish a Heart Transplant Unit at the Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, with results that go beyond international achievements.


Joseph Mimferatos (1816-1888) was a Greek politician from Kefalonia. Momferatos was one of the leaders of the Radical Party of the United States of the Ionian Islands, a lawyer who had studied at universities in Italy and France. He was a member of the Corfiot Parliament on English Occupation and the Athenian Assembly of Athens in 1864, when the Ionian Islands were granted to Greece by the English. Also from 1849 to 1859 he published in Kefalonia the newspaper Anagennisis of Kefalonia. He fought for the union of the islands with Greece and for his political action he was imprisoned and exiled by the English authorities.In 1862 he joined with Elias Zervos, who proposed a resolution on the suspension of the union and the adoption of measures to relieve the people of the Ionian Islands. This resolution was the reason to break the Party of Radicals into a Party of True Radicals, with the leaders of Momferatos and Zervos, and a Party of Union Radicals led by Constantine Lombardo.


Ioannis Fokas or Apostolos Valerianos, known by the Spanish name Juan de Fuca, Valeriano Kefalonia, 1536 – Kefalonia, 1602, was a Greek seafarer who explored the west coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish throne. His name was given in a narrow line between Vancouver Island and the US, which leads to Vancouver Harbor.
Fokas or Valerianos was born in the village of Valerianos, Kefalonia, and was the fourth son of Emmanuel Fokas or Fokas Valerianus, a native of Constantinople. Probably his name was John-Apostle.
New man immigrated and worked for forty years as a navigator in the West Indian fleet of Spain. On a trip to the Philippines in November 1587, Santa Anna was captured by the British, and he was captured by capturing all of his ship’s 60,000 dictatorships and cargo.
Some time later he was released and in 1588 he went to Mexico, then called New Spain. The Mexican regent of Mexico, Luis de Velaseo, gave him a small caravel commanded to explore the North American coasts and find the mythical Straits of Anján (Estrecho de Anián), supposedly joined the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
The history of Phokas, as it was transferred to Lock, was first published in 1625 in the book by the English travel author Samuel Purcas (Samuel Purchas, pp. 1575-1626) Hakluytus Posthumus or ‘Purchas His Pilgrimes Containing a History of the World in Sea Voyages and Lande Travells by Englishmen and others. In 1787, British captain Charles Barkley, recognizing the strait between Vancouver Island and Washington State of the United States as the places that Phocas explored, gave the region the name Straits of Juan de Fuca (Strait of Juan de Fuca).
For Foka-Valeriano, Fotis Kontoglou (“Apostolos Valerianos the so-called Juan da (sic) Fuca” has been written by Astrolavos, 1935), while in 2007 a biographical biography written by Evridicis Livadas – Douka (At the Straits of Chimera, Kedros Publishing, Athens 2007, ISBN 960-04-3413-1).


He was born in Cephalonia in 1669. His parents were priest Frangiskos Miniatis and Mosezina Peristaniou. From 1681 to 1689, he studied at the Flagginian Tutorial of Venice, under the protection of Meletios Typaldos, a preacher and teacher of the Greek community of the city. When Meletios Typaldos became a metropolitan of Philadelphia, Miniatis became his secretary and in the same year he became a deacon and preacher at the orthodox church of St. George of Venice. At the same time, he taught at the Flagonia School from 1688 to 1690 and from 1698 to 1699. From 1691 to 1698 he lived and taught in Kefalonia, Zakynthos and Corfu, and after his short stay in Venice, he stayed for seven years in Constantinople. In 1710, the bishop of Kernitzis and Kalavrita was ordained. He was not particularly dear to his diocese because he had studied in Venice. He died on August 1, 1714 in Patras. After his death, his relic was buried by his father in the temple of Saint Nicholas of the Monthies in Lixouri.
The most important work of Meniatis was the sermon, in simple language, as it had been established during the Ottoman domination, so that the teaching was understandable to the people. Meniatis was influenced by his apprenticeship in Italy and followed in his work the tradition of the elaborate rhetorical treatment of speech. His saved teachings were first published in 1716 in Venice, followed by 23 publications until 1900, which demonstrates the reputation and popularity of his work.


Ilias Zervos Iakovatos (1814-1894) was a Greek politician, journalist and writer.
Born in 1814 in Kefalonia. He studied Law at the University of Pisa. He was one of the leaders of the United States of the Ionian Islands Radical Party. He has been publishing the newspaper Phileleftheros since 1849, from where he was strongly critical of the English. In 1850 he was elected to the Ionian Parliament and voted for the enacting resolution. The English responded with persecution, exile and closing of the newspapers. He was exiled to Antikythira while Joseph Mosferatos in Ereikousa. Then the Rizospaston party is almost dissolving and Constantine Lombard appears, who only claimed the Union without social change.
In 1862, as President of the House, he proposed the suspension of the national issue and the promotion of social reforms. The old radicals with Joseph Momperatos write with him, while the youngsters led by Konstantinos Lombardos disagree. So the Rizospasta Party breaks down in the Party of True Radicals with Zervo and Momferatos leaders who prioritized social justice and the Party of Unity Radicals who only sought union without social content. When in 1864 the Ionian Islands joined Greece, Zervos and Momferatos refused to sign the union and did not participate in the festivities.
In the summer of 1864 he took part in the 2nd National Assembly in Athens as a proxy of Kefallinia.
Apart from a politician, he also had a rich writing and poetry work. He published historical, social and ethical works, three poetry collections and a drama entitled Virtue.
He was married to Chrysanthi Solomou. He died in 1894.


Dimitrios Loukatos (1908-2003) was born in Argostoli, Kefallinia. He studied literature at the University of Athens and in 1950 received a doctorate from the Sorbonne University on “La Bible dans le parler proverbial du peuple grec”. From 1931 to 1938 he served in secondary education and then, until 1962, in the Folklore Archives (today’s Center for the Research of Hellenic Folklore) of the Academy of Athens. From 1964 to 1969 he taught as a professor of folklore at the newly founded University of Ioannina (School of Philosophy). During the period 1979-1981 he taught at the newly founded School of Philosophy of the University of Crete (Rethymnon) and in 1984-1985 at the University of Patras (Pedagogical Department). He participated in many Greek and international conferences with scientific announcements, held lectures and radio speeches on folklore education of the public and taught systematically the folklore lesson in educational associations and schools of social professions. In 1978 he was elected president of the Hellenic Folklore Society and director of the Folklore magazine. He was honored with the Order of Phoenix (1965) and was awarded the title of “Foreign Partner” of the Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Palermo (1978). In 1981 he was awarded the Herder (Folklore) Prize in SE. Europe. He was awarded honorary volumes (“Proverbium”, USA, 1985, “Syndonon”, Ioannina 1988, “Folklore Cyprus”, 1988). In 2000 he was awarded the Silver Aristotle of Letters by the Academy of Athens. He died in 2003. The work of Demetrios S. Loukatos is rich. It has approximately 400 publications (books, articles in scientific journals and encyclopedias or dictionaries, conferences, booklets, etc.) covering all areas of folkloric research. Of particular interest was the study of Modern Greek proverb, as well as the research of the folklore manifestations of modern life and urban customs. Other literary subjects of Greek folklore (folk songs, fairy tales, myths, storytelling, etc.), as well as issues of folk worship, divination, rural life and professions, are also addressed in his publications. The textbook “Introduction to Greek Folklore”, published in 1977 by the Cultural Foundation of the National Bank of Greece, has been very useful, and has been widely re-published.
In 1952, “Modern Greek Folklore” (1957), “Modern Folklore” (1963), “Neohellenic Proverbs” (1972), “Kefalonian Worship” (1946) (1979), “Easter and Spring” (1980), “The Summer” (1981), “The Autumn” (1982), “Winter and Spring Complement” (1985).


Cephalonian fighter of the Revolution of 1821, diplomat and politician. Born in Argostoli, he was the son of Petros Metaxas, of the Metaxades family. He won the title of Count. He was sworn in the Society of Philosophy, and when the Revolution was declared, along with his brother Anastasios and his cousin Konstantinos, he passed to the Peloponnese with a force of 400 men from Kefalonia. On May 25, 1822, by a unanimous decision, an Act of the Executive was approved by which Andreas Metaxas, for the services he had previously offered to his homeland, was naturalized by a Greek resident of the Peloponnese. During the Race, he was elected a member of the Peloponnesian Senate and representative of the National Assembly of Argos, while he also served as Minister of Police.
In 1827 Andreas Metaxas pioneered the election of Kapodistrias as Governor and was a member of the General Tutorial from 1828 to 1831. After the death of Kapodistrias he opposed the election of Avgustin Kapodistrias but still kept away from the distracting tendencies of Kolettis. However, he was a member of the interim government until Otto’s arrival.
In 1833 he was arrested – as a suspect for his liberal authorities – along with Theodoros Kolokotronis and imprisoned in Syros, from where he escaped and fled to Marseilles.
In 1839, following the revocation of his persecution, he returned to Greece, was appointed Councilor of State and then Minister of Military in the Mavrocordatos government in 1841.
After the death of Kolokotronis, Andreas Metaxas became the leader of the Russian Party and, together with Andreas Lontos, Makrygiannis and Kallergis, pioneered the September 3, 1843 movement.
After the dominance of the movement, he formed a government and was the first to take the title of prime minister. Then he was appointed Minister of Finance to the Kolettis government to resign in 1845, following an attempt by the latter to overthrow the Constitution.
In 1850 and while Otto had restored his relations with Russia, Metaxas was elected Senator and MP. In 1850 he was promoted to the rank of rebellion, where he was celebrated by King Othon with the Grand Cross and later appointed an ambassador to Constantinople. During the Crimean War (1853-56) he resigned from his post and organized armed troops to participate in the rebellion of Thessaly and Epirus.
After the latter’s repression, Andreas Metaxas withdrew from active politics, despite Otto’s proposal to retake the prime minister.
Andreas Metaxas also served as president of the Educational Society as well as many charities. Throughout his life he has been a brave, sincere and affectionate with an intact character. He died in Athens in September 1860.

Γεννήθηκε στα Σπαρτιά (Λειβαθώ) στις 6/1/1831, γιός του Νικολάου Πανά και της Ελένης Ιγγλέση. Ο πατέρας του (Φιλόλογος) τον προόριζε για φαρμακοποιό,παρ’ όλο που ο ίδιος ο Φωτεινός ήθελε να γίνει γιατρός. Τελείωσε το Λύκειο, στο Αργοστόλι, και φοίτησε στην Ιόνιο Ακαδημία στην Κέρκυρα τελειώνοντας την Φαρμακευτική. Άσκησε το επάγγελμα του Φαρμακοποιού για δύο χρόνια στο Αργοστόλι. Το 1848 πέθανε ο πατέρας του κι έτσι ο Φωτεινός πουλώντας την ακίνητη περιουσία του πήγε στο Παρίσι για να εκπληρώσει το όνειρό του, να γίνει γιατρός. Υπήρξε συμφοιτητής και συνεργάτης των μετέπειτα διαπρεψάντων Peter, Luton, Lecorche, Fournier, Marey. Από νωρίς άρχισε να διακρίνεται, και ο καθηγητής του Νelaton έγινε υψηλός του προστάτης εξασφαλίζοντας του ένα λαμπρό μέλλον. Το 1854 έγινε εσωτερικός στα νοσοκομεία.Το 1856 πήρε χρυσό μετάλλιο, το 1859 έγινε βοηθός και το 1860 έγινε προπαρασκευαστής και δάσκαλος της Ανατομίας. Τον Μάρτιο του 1860 δημοσίευσε την διδακτορική του διατριβή με θέμα «Anatomie des fosses nasals et des voies lacrymales» (Ανατομία των ρινικών κοιλοτήτων και των δακρυϊκών οδών). Από το 1859-1863 δίδασκε ανατομία, εγχειρητική και φυσιολογία του νευρικού συστήματος και των αισθητηρίων. Στο S. Louis, το 1870, πρώτος με επιτυχία εισήγαγε την εξαγωγή των ωοθηκών (Ovariotomie). Το 1873-1878 δίδαξε Οφθαλμολογία στην κλινική Lariboisiere. Από τους πρώτους εφάρμοσε την αντισηπτική μέθοδο του Lister με αξιοσημείωτα αποτελέσματα στις αρθροτομίες, φλεγμονώδη αποστήματα, κατάγματα επιγονατίδος, περιεσφιγμένες κήλες και ακρωτηριασμούς μαστών. Εργάστηκε και δίδαξε στα νοσοκομεία Bicette (1864), Lourchine (1865), Midi (1867), S. Antoine (1868), Lariboisiere (1872) και S. Martin όπου ανέλαβε την Διεύθυνση του Στρατιωτικού Χειρουργικού Τμήματος. Μετά τον γαλλογερμανικό πόλεμο ιδρύθηκε, στις 28/12/1878, η ειδική έδρα της Οφθαλμολογίας και κρίθηκε ο καταλληλότερος να αναλάβει την διδασκαλία. Πήρε την Γαλλική ιθαγένεια και από το 1863, σαν υφηγητής, διαγωνίστηκε -μετά τον θάνατο του Nelaton – για να γίνει καθηγητής.Το θέμα της υφηγεσίας του (1863) ήταν: «Sur les cicatrices et les moyens d’y remedier». Ο Nelaton τον είχε υποδείξει σαν αντάξιο διάδοχό του. Τον Φεβρουάριο του 1879 -μετά από νέο διαγωνισμό- διορίστηκε καθηγητής Οφθαλμολογίας. Η Σχολή ΠΑΝΑ εγκαταστάθηκε στο νοσοκομείο HOTEL-DIEU. Η βαθειά μόρφωσή του, η αρχαιομάθεια, οι ανατομικές και φυσιολογικές μελέτες και έρευνες, η κρίση και η οξύνοια έδειχναν την επάρκεια και την καταλληλότητα σαν επιστήμονα. Υπήρξε και έξοχος δάσκαλος. Ήταν εξαίρετος στις εγχειρήσεις καταρράκτη, στραβισμού, νεοπλασμάτων βολβού, κερατίτιδας, γλαυκώματος και άλλων παθήσεων του οφθαλμού. Το 1877 έγινε Πρόεδρος της Χειρουργικής Εταιρείας. Τον Δεκέμβριο του 1895 ανακοίνωσε, στη Γαλλική Ακαδημία, νέα εγχειρητική μέθοδο του στραβισμού. Επίσης, εργασίες για τη θεραπεία των τραχωμάτων, οπτικής νευρίτιδας λόγω βλενόρροιας, χειρουργικοί κανόνες στην Οφθαλμολογία. Το 1899 γίνεται Πρόεδρος της Ιατρικής Ακαδημίας. Τιμήθηκε με πολλά μετάλλια και παράσημα και με το παράσημο της Λεγεώνας της Τιμής για τις υπηρεσίες του στον γαλλογερμανικό πόλεμο. Πήρε και το ελληνικό παράσημο των Ανωτέρων Ταξιαρχών. Η Ελληνική κυβέρνηση δύο φορές του πρότεινε έδρα στο Εθνικό Πανεπιστήμιο το 1863. Στον Ελληνοτουρκικό πόλεμο διοργάνωσε υπηρεσία του Ερυθρού Σταυρού. Υπήρξε ο ιδρυτής των ΑΡΧΕΙΩΝ ΟΦΘΑΛΜΟΛΟΓΙΑΣ (1880), που γρήγορα απέκτησε παγκόσμιο κύρος. Λόγω βαρειάς ασθένειας (νόσος Aran – Duchenne), το 1900, ο Φωτεινός σταμάτησε να διδάσκει. Πέθανε στην έπαυλή του στο Παρίσι, στις 6/1/1902. Κηδεύτηκε δημοσία δαπάνη. Ο τάφος του βρίσκεται στο κοιμητήριο του πευκόφυτου λόφου του Δήμου Roissy (στο Παρίσι). Ο δήμος Roissy τον θεωρούσε ευεργέτη του και έδωσε το όνομά του σε μιά λεωφόρο. Το μαυσωλείο έχει σχήμα ελληνικής εκκλησίας με κολώνες Ιωνικού ρυθμού. Πηγές- «Κεφαλληνιακά Σύμμεικτα» – Η. Τσιτσέλη

Born in Spartia (Leivathos) on 6/1/1831, son of Nicholas Panas and Helen Iglesi. His father (philologist) intended him for a pharmacist, although he himself wanted to become a doctor. He graduated from the Lyceum, in Argostoli, and attended the Ionian Academy in Corfu finishing the Pharmacy. He has been practicing the Pharmacist for two years in Argostoli.
In 1848 his father died, and so Fotinus, selling his real estate, went to Paris to fulfill his dream of becoming a doctor. He was a fellow student and associate of later presidents Peter, Luton, Lecorche, Fournier, Marey. Early it began to be distinguished, and the professor of Nelaton became his high protector, securing him a brilliant future. In 1854 he became interned in hospitals. In 1856 he won a gold medal, in 1859 he became an assistant and in 1860 he became an educator and teacher of Anatomy. In March 1860, he published his doctoral dissertation titled “Anatomy of fossils nasals and des voies lacrymales”.
From 1859-1863 he taught anatomy, surgery and physiology of the nervous system and sensory systems. In S. Louis, in 1870, she first introduced ovarian extraction (ovariotomy). In 1873-1878 he taught Ophthalmology at the Lariboisiere Clinic. Among the former, he applied Lister’s antiseptic method with remarkable results in arthritis, inflammatory abscesses, patellar fractures, curved hernias and breast amputations. He worked and taught at the hospitals Bicette (1864), Lourchine (1865), Midi (1867), S. Antoine (1868), Lariboisiere (1872) and S. Martin where he took over the direction of the Military Surgery Department.
After the Franco-German War, the special ophthalmology headquarters was founded on 28/12/1878 and considered the most appropriate to take up teaching. He received French nationality and, since 1863, as a lecturer, he competed – after the death of Nelaton – to become a professor. The theme of his atrocity (1863) was: “Sur les cicatrices et les moyens d’y remedier”. Nelaton had indicated him as his rightful successor. In February 1879 – after a new competition – he was appointed Professor of Ophthalmology. The Panova School was installed at the HOTEL-DIEU Hospital. His deeply educated, antiquity, anatomical and physiological studies and research, judgment and subtlety seemed to be sufficient and appropriate as a scientist. He was also an excellent teacher.
He was excellent in cataract surgery, strabismus, bulbar neoplasms, keratitis, glaucoma and other eye diseases. In 1877 he became President of the Surgical Society. In December 1895 he announced, in the French Academy, a new surgical method of strabismus. Also, work on the treatment of trachea, optic neuritis due to pleural effusion, surgical rules in ophthalmology. In 1899 he became President of the Medical Academy. He was honored with many medals and decorations and with the Legion of Honor for his services in the Franco-German War. He also received the Greek Order of the Higher Taxiers. The Greek government twice proposed a seat at the National University in 1863. In the Greco-Turkish War he organized a Red Cross service. He was the founder of the Ophthalmology Archives (1880), which quickly gained world prestige.
Due to a severe illness (Aran – Duchenne disease), in 1900, Lightning stopped teaching. He died in his mansion in Paris on 6/1/1902. Public spending was hung. His tomb is located in the cemetery of the pine-covered hill of the municipality of Roissy (in Paris). The municipality of Roissy considered him a benefactor and gave his name to an avenue. The mausoleum has the shape of a Greek church with Ionic columns.
Sources – “Kefallinia’s Come Mix” – H. Tsitselis


THE SPYRIDON EYSTATHIOU PAPALEXATOS IS BORN IN 1912 IN VIGGLI VILLAGE, WHICH IS LOCATED IN THE NORTH OF THE ISLAND. Although he is not more knowledgeable, he is an enthusiast in the field of inventions, with many qualities and full action in his life. THEIR INVESTIGATIONS ARE USED BY OUR ALL.
From childhood he showed that he was a thoughtful and distinct individual, with an appeal to learning, letters and research. At the age of sixteen, he made his first steps. After observing, he realized that the eggs in a hen’s nest were hatched only by the temperature produced by the animal’s body. This may seem obvious to us today, but at that time, in the villages in particular, it was not known at all. So when he mentioned it to some villagers, he became ridiculous.
The young Spyros, then, became convinced and wanted to prove the correctness of his observation. Oxy spirit, as it was, thought to thermometer the body of a cock and discovered that it was exactly the same temperature as the hen. So, he was led to believe that even a cock could play the role of a hen and give the birds the chance to get out of the eggs, just as it would be if there was a hen over the eggs. So he started practicing the cock in such a thing and finally tied it over the eggs. There, the cock stayed for the required days, and of course it was feeding and drinking water. When it passed the pre-requisite time, the agony of all ended and of course the birds came out alive and healthy. Spyros won the bet and everyone was speechless, perhaps believing he was doing something magical. But all he did was apply scientific observation, research and experimentation rules (betting). Then, because the cock was not interested in keeping and watching the birds, the little Spyros kept them for a few days until they grew up in his bosom.
Taking courage at his first opportunity, he continued his efforts in other areas, and he was constantly in a spiritual excitement reading many books. Few people knew exactly what they were doing each time.
At the time the little inventor made his first steps, the situation in Kefalonia and throughout Greece was very difficult. Because the situation was all too difficult and poverty was becoming more and more unbearable, he was forced after twenty years to travel to America, as was the case at the time.
In America, it has reached great successes.
There have been many inventions by Mr. Papalexatos and in America, but he has never been recognized, since he has never sought his personal projection and the official preservation of his work. One such event, which eventually became known, was the appearance of the gramophone in a car for the first time. Before the tape recorder appeared, the gramophone was being used with discs, but there was never a car stereo in the car, except simple radios. His idea was about how a gramophone could play on a disc drive. So the Kefalonian inventor managed to make an improvised car stereo, which matched the interior design of each car. This is a novelty if you think that this happened around 1955. To make a comparison with today’s data, this invention was something like the current CD player, only when there was no other way to play music from discs in the car. The inventor considered it good to present his invention to some of the major multinational companies. Of course, the company emerged as a pioneer, launching the first car gauge in the market. Finally, no recognition, neither monetary nor moral, was given to the Kefalonian inventor.
Another invention that was ultimately recognized and given moral and financial compensation was that of the so-called Greek coffee, that is, Greek coffee without caffeine. He eventually succeeded in making this invention enforceable throughout America. At that time, the Greek coffee maker “Venizelos” gave 20 cents per kilogram of allowance to be sold.
To date, documents are preserved, where there are studies to calculate the distances of the planets, but also to calculate the weight of the earth. Up to his age he was an active researcher. His activities would continue even today, but the thread of his life was cut in 1992 at the age of 80.


e was born in Cephalonia in 1835. At a young age he immigrated to Romania, where he acquired a great estate dealing with the grain trade and the cultivation of large estates he rented. He was also adviser to King Charles I on agricultural matters. In 1899 he returned to Greece, settled in Athens and bought large land in Thessaly. He also dealt with financial activities.
At the end of his life, he was involved in politics and elected a deputy with the Eleftherios Venizelos Liberal Party in 1910. He contributed to the modernization of agriculture in Romania and Greece. It was also active in the development of the craft industry and industry in Greece and actively participated in the formation of the financial-banking sector in the country during the first decade of the 20th century. He has developed a rich community service both in Greece and in Romania.
Of particular interest in education in the field of Home Economics. His most important creation was the Harokopian House of Communal and Professional School of Females, whose foundation and financing he treated with his will. For this purpose, in 1906 he bought a plot of 20,000 sq.m. in Kallithea. This was erected, with the care of his brother Spyridon Harokopou, during the years 1915-1920. This school was the precursor of today’s Harokopio University, which was founded in 1990.
He died in 1911 in Athens.


Panagis Vallianos (1814-1902) was a Greek merchant and national benefactor.
Born in 1814 in Keramies, Kefallonia, he was the fifth child of the six boys of the family of Athanasios Vallianos and Kerasos Kambitsis. He died in London in 1902. The family did not have financial resources to entrust the education of her children to a teacher or priest, since at that time there was no school at Kerameies and the poor education in the villages was offered privately. Panayis Vallian himself, like all his brothers, is listed as illiterate. Over time they learned elementary writing and reading. This lack of education did not prevent Panagis and two of his brothers from setting up a large London-based trading house and supporting the letters in all their forms.
In 1884 Valhalan deposited with the National Bank the generous amount of one million drachmas. On a personal visit to Prime Minister Trikoupis he paid the amount for whatever purpose the Government intended, provided that the institution bears the name “Vallianos Brothers”. With the consent of the benefactor the donation was used for the establishment of the Athens penitentiary institution. Two prisons were built.
A penitentiary with the donation of Vallianos, and an examination with donation from Sygrou. He also allocated significant sums for the construction of the National Library, as well as for the foundation of community-based institutions in Kefalonia.
In honor of his work, the central square of Argostoli, Kefalonia, is named Vallianos square, while on the southwest corner of the square there is a statue of the benefactor.


He was born in 1910 in Harbin, Manzouria, from Kefalonitic parents. Leaving Manchuria he will live very little in Kefalonia and will settle with his family permanently in Piraeus.
Having passion for the ships and the sea, he worked from a very young person in various naval offices in Piraeus. At the same time, he studied radio-speaker and was given the first opportunity to barcake, to follow his profession of heart until the day he died in February 1975.
He may not have been “rich” in a production of poetry, but he became dear to the readership, and his two small poem collections “Marabou” 1933 and “Poussi” 1947 had successive editions.
In 1954 he released his novel “Vardia”, while shortly before dying he was preparing the third poetic book entitled “Traverse”, which he did not get printed.


MARINOS ANTYPAS was one of the most important people in Kefalonia and not only. He was born in 1872 at Ferentinata Pyrarou and was the eldest son of Spyros Antypas and Angelina, the clan of Clada from Argostoli. His brothers were Babis or (Bautas) and Adelais. Marinos Antypas studied law and in the year 1897 we find him taking part in the battle of Crete where he is injured. The intense criticism he held in the palace for the outcome of the battle and his fiery reasons brought him into conflict with the regime. She is persecuted and jailed for one year in the prisons of Aegina.
In 1900, Marinos Antypas returns to Kefalonia and issues the newspaper “Resurrection”, was prosecuted for his articles, and closed the newspaper. At that time we find him helping his father, who was a carpenter but also a woodcarver, one of his iconostasis is St. Gregory at Chamolakos Pylairos. He founded the “Popular Reading Room”, ISOTIS, which became the spiritual center of the island.
He leaves Cephalonia for Bucharest in 1903 where he finds the uncle of Skiadares, whom he even convinced to come to Greece and buy land. Anttypas took part in the 1906 elections as a member of Krania, but failed to be elected by the establishment that had rallied against him. He leaves for the Pyrgetos of Thessaly, where his uncle and his compatriot Metaxas had bought a large estate, a landlord. He began to deal with the agricultural issue and the rights of farmers living in miserable conditions in the countryside. Marinos Antypas Proposes not to work on Sunday but to go school children. He began teaching them human rights. The farmers worshiped him, the landlords began to worry as they prepared their murder plan. They paid the Kyriakos caretaker with 30,000 drachmas. to kill Marino. He foretold the end and told the farmers “They will kill me, but wherever I find the evil to come to take me, I want and I am dead to be among you.” The evil did not come late and on the evening of March 8, 1907, he accepted the sphere of Kyriakos in the back. His death has caused pan-hellenic emotion. He was buried in the field where he fought. The authorities covered his killer. The uncle of Skiadares, bitter for the loss of his nephew, sold the landlord and left.


Konstantinos Gerakis or Costantin Gerachi, known as Constance Phaulkon (1647 – 5 June 1688), was a charismatic adventurer of Greek descent, who managed to be appointed Prime Minister of Siam between 1683 and 1688.
He was born by Greek Orthodox parents in the Assos Castle, in the Pertisign of Erisso in northern Kefalonia. The Gerachi family was settled in the village of Plagia since the 16th century. [1] [2] At age 13 for unknown reason he left the island and became a sailor and started his adventure action serving in many English ships traveling mainly to India. In 1669, he left the profession of sailor and became an employee of the English East India Company and worked at the company’s warehouses in Bandam, Indonesia. Gerakis, as an employee of the company, made many trips to Asian countries and made friends with high-ranking executives. In 1675 he settled in Siam and continued to work for the company, where he learned the language and began to build friendships with senior members of the royal court.
In 1679 Gerakis became a trade agent in the Siam kingdom. He quickly became an interpreter in the royal court as he was multilingual. In 1680 he left East India and in 1683 he was appointed Prime Minister of Siam. In 1684 the talks with France for trade co-operation began, which eventually reached the following year and led to Siam war with the English East India Company, which ended with the disembarkation at the Siam of the French Military Force. Gerakis was honored by the French King with the title of Knight of the Order of St. Michael.
In 1688 King Narai suffered severely from an unknown illness by giving his opponents the opportunity to act. In May, Gerakis was invited to the capital of Siam, Ayuttaya, in a meeting with Feratza, who was the leader of the anti-war squad. Feratsa captured Geraki and the Successor with the accusation of betrayal, and eventually assassinated them on July 11, 1688.
The historians are divided for the role he played, whether he was indeed an opportunist who sought his ascension to the throne of Siam, or if he was used as a scapegoat by the opportunist Feratza to overthrow the legitimate successor.


Evangelos Klonis was born in Agios Georgios of the community of Pastra in Kefallonia on October 28, 1916. He was the second child of a poor family who would total eight. He quit school at Third Grade. At age 14 he moved to Athens, where his older brother worked. There he worked as a coach on the bus of another Kefalonian, Gerasimos Arsenis: He wore his white uniform and cut off the tickets.
That he was sending it to his mother, but the money was few. One day, when he was 16 years old, the bus had stopped in Piraeus, and Vangelis saw something sailors carry on a boat. He goes straight to Arseni, gives him the proceeds of the day and announces that he will leave for America.
He went to the butcher, a piece of meat was loaded, came in the boat and hid in the hold. After several adventures and with the help of … Capelloite captain Vangelis ended up in Los Angeles. There he got a job at the flower shop of another Kefalonian, Spyros Stefanatos. But the city does not like it because of .. crowd. He decides to move to Denver, Colorado, where he worked in a restaurant. He buys some economies and buys his own canteen with hot dogs and sells them on the street.
A Greek boy fell in love with him and wanted to marry him. But he denied claiming that he was still young, and had to help his family in Greece. He threatens to betray him to the Authorities as he was still living and working illegally in the country. So Vangelis left the state. After an Odor in America he returned to Denver again, where he liked the climate, hoping the girl would find someone else and leave him alone. That was the case, but he did not have to stay there for long.
A Kefalonian friend suggested that he go to Santa Fe, New Mexico, to find some friends and follow him. But the problem remains, since it has no papers. Then the Second World War breaks out and the US authorities make a decree calling for illegal immigrants to be ranked in exchange for US citizenship. So Vangelis Clonis decided to go to war.
After his classification, he traveled to Fort Blake, Texas, where he trained with the Army. Thanks to his impressive shooting performance, he is sent to Virginia, based on the Marines. From there he would go to Arizona’s Yuma where he trained in the desert, and then returned to the Virginia Base with the Army. With the end of his training, he expects to hear what he is going to go on, suspecting he will go to the Pacific.
Then come the bad news from Greece. “I have a bad news,” one of them said. “The Germans killed your family in Greece. No one lived. You can, if you want, take a leave and return to your home in Santa Fe. ” Vangelis convinces. He did not want to go to Santa Fe to cry his own. He asks to send them to Europe, the Germans.
Clone fought in Austria, Poland, Germany, entered Berlin and Paris, and there are serious signs that he went to the Pacific as well. For none of these things he spoke, however, bound by vows and orders. There is a lot of evidence that he was not a simple fan. He had unusually many medals – his family is trying to figure out exactly how much and what – and he received a warm thank-you letter from President Truman with his handwritten signature.
Vangelis Clonis died on February 18, 1989. He was buried in Koriana, and those who knew him kept their own image from the great hero. There is, however, another … icon, very famous, known in the lengths and backs of the world that no one associated it with Vangelis until 1991 when the son of Nikos Clonis discovers the cover of Life magazine.
American photographer Eugene Smith took famous pictures of the war, including two shots of Vangelis Clonis: The photograph of the cigarette, and the picture with the bottle, which a few years ago became a stamp in the US.


DIONYSIOS LAVRAGAS was one of the most important Greek musicians, who contributed to the spiritual uplifting of modern Greece. Much of his life and his great passion was the creation of melodrama and the creation of a Greek Stage. He did so and for the first time in 1900 he presented at the Municipal Theater of Athens opera in Greece in the Greek language. Dionysios Lavragas, during his lifetime, wrote many remarkable works, including opera, suites, songs, choral works, melodramas. All of his works are also wonderful examples of the Ionian culture. In the village of Razata there is the house where he spent the last years of his life.


George Bonanos is one of the most famous sculptors of the modern times.
He was born in Vouni in 1863 and studied in Athens and Rome. His works are in Kefalonia and other parts of Greece.
Works in Kefalonia include the Toul Monument in the English cemetery of Argostoli, many works in the Greek cemetery, Drapanos is the composition “Psychi”, Valilanos monument in Santa Claus, Iakovata monument in Lixouri, head of Health at the Gondilin-Cosmetatos home in Argostoli, a.
In other parts of Greece, Odysseas Androutsos is in Hani of Gravia, Paris in Andreas Sygrou and others.


He graduated from the Greek-Hellenic Lyceum of Alexandria, where his family had migrated. In 1915 he enrolled in the third year of the Athens School of Fine Arts and attended classes until 1917, near Dimitrios Geraniotis and Georgios Iakovidis. He traveled to Europe and until 1926 he stayed in Paris. There, artists such as Picasso and Derain were involved, and he was probably studying in free academies. He returned to Greece, earned his Bachelor’s degree from the School of Fine Arts and at the same time a three-year scholarship of the Voulto Legacy for Paris, where he settled until 1930. He studied philosophy and psychology in the Sorbonne and mural and interior architecture at the School of Fine Arts. In Paris, where he had his own atelier, he also met the gallery owner Manolis Segredakis, who became the main supporter of his work. In 1931, having already settled in Greece, he presented his first solo exhibition, which divided the criticism. In response to a negative article by Zacharias Papantoniou, seven seven intellectuals and critics supported the report. The “18 critical articles around an exhibition”, with the signatures of, among others, Fotis Politis, Spyros Melas, Dimitris Pikionis, Stratis Doukas and Christos Karouzos, are considered to be the manifesto of visual artistic modernism in Greece. In 1932 he collaborated with Pikionis for stage performances at Athens’ Kentrikon Theater and from May 1935 he worked with Fotis Kontoglou on the rebuilding of Mystras. In 1935 he settled in the United States and held a solo exhibition in New York. Since 1937 he has collaborated with major American film production companies for the design of posters and posters. At the same time, he traveled to the American continent named George de Steris. In 1939, four major frescoes on the history of Greece decorated the Greek pavilion at the New York International Fair. In 1949 he was naturalized by an American named Guelfo Ammon d ‘Este. Between 1950 and 1965 he delivered painting lessons and illustrated the New York Cathedral and the Church of the Holy Trinity in Lowen, Massachusetts. From 1965 to 1975 he taught at Traphagen School. In the five years 1980-1985 he settled with his wife Anna Vassalo Savino in Nice, France. In 1985 he returned to New York. In 1988, his wife transferred his ashes to his homeland.
Although his tracks had been lost to Greece since the early 1950s, his works were exhibited (“Nees Morfes” 1969, Macedonian Artistic Society “Art” 1970, “Third Eye” 1978). Presentations of his work were also organized at the Glyptotheque of Munich (1980) and the National Gallery (1982). In 1991 the Municipal Art Gallery of Thessaloniki organized an honorary-retrospective exhibition, which was also transferred to Athens, Megaro Mela (1992).
It is considered a precursor to Greek Modernism. The thematic and plastic freedom of his painting, his symbolic extensions and his references to metaphysical art created a cross-section of the visual reality of Greece in the interwar period. From the abstract form of his first creations he was led to a more realistic writing with decorative moods in his works he made in America.


He was born in Argostoli, Kefalonia, in 1931. He studied at the Law School of the University of Athens and continued his studies with a scholarship at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the USA. (MIT) in Economics. He worked as an economist at the United Nations (UN), New York and Geneva. He was the director of the Department of Economic Studies of the OECD Research Center. in Paris (1964 – 1966) and director of the United Nations Organization. for Trade and Development (UNCTAD) from 1967 to 1980.
It has developed scientific and diplomatic action on the reform of the international monetary system within the IMF Committee of 20 and has participated in the negotiations of the Paris Club for the regulation of the external debt of states.
He was for years a PASOK central political officer, Governor of the Bank of Greece (1981-1984), Minister of National Economy (1982-1985) and Finance (1984-1985), Shipping (1985), National Defense (1993-1996) Education & Religious Affairs (1996-2000). In 1996 he claimed the position of the Prime Minister following the resignation of Andreas Papandreou.
Political friends and opponents, his integrity and honesty, courage and uncompromising combat attachment to his ideals, were recognized in his long political path. Significant chapters of the policy of the deposit are the modernization of the banking system and the abolition of the “Monetary Committee”, the five-year development program 1983-1987, the Agency for the Reconstruction of Enterprises, the Doctrine of the Hellenic-Cypriot Area of ​​Defense, military diplomacy and educational reform 1996-2000.
He was President of the Institute for Research and Political Strategy (IMPEROST), Vice President of the Marangopoulos Foundation for Human Rights and Honorary President of the Greek-Russian League.
Gerasimos Arsenis was married to Professor Luca T. Katseli, former Minister and President of the Hellenic Bank Association and the National Bank of Greece and had four children, Dionysis Arsenis, Andreas Arsenis, Dimitris Papaefstratitiou and Amalia Arsenis.
He left life at the age of 85 on April 19, 2016.


Aris Maliagros (often Aris Malliagros) (born August 17, 1895 in Argostoli, died on December 18, 1984) was a tenor and actor who was distinguished in roles of an aristocrat, such as Giorgos Gavriilides and Christos Tsaganeas. He was formerly known as the gentleman with the monocle.

He was born in Kefalonia. He studied music at the Lottery Conservatory and at the National Theater School. It first appeared at the theater in Le Havre (1914). He then played in the works: Christinaki (1916), Chocolate soldier (1918-19), Batterflai, Travita (1919-1920), Baptism (1920-1921), Dance Cone (1922), Archontochorias, Shaggy, Tempest, Hamlet, King Lehr, Venice Merchant, The Lost Tongue, Lamb, Windsor’s Cheerleaders, Fiddhanaki, Arrows, Temptation, Babylonia etc. In 1950 he appeared with the “Greek Stage” and from 1951 at the National Theater in the works: Counterfeits, Erotic Games, Star of Seville, The Mistakes of a Night, Difficult, Aharni, Fiddler, The Song of the Swing, The Pleasure of Honesty, a.
• The Alice Dictator (1972) … a former MP
• Rena is offside (1972) …. President of Kokkinaikos
• Revolutionary Coward (1971) …. Conte Cesare Rosario
• Apollo Business (1968) …. ambassador
• Some tired lads (1967) …. Argyris Lambakis
• My Daughter The Lizard (1967) …. Keralis
• The Sea Beads (1967) …. Socrates Kaniathoglou
• Man for All Jobs (1966) … grandfather
• Queen Sword (1966) …. doctor
• Double Drops (1966)
• My wife crazy (1966) …. Fee
• The Hunchback (1966)
• The barefoot prince (1966) …. Jacob
• Modern Cinderella (1965) …. Thirty
And others.


He was born in Argostoli in 1937. His father’s origin was from Kontogouras of Kefalonia and his mother was Niki Tritsi. After the devastating earthquakes of 1953 they decided to settle in Athens.
Antonis Tritsis begins his studies at the School of Architecture of NTUA. At the same time he was a athlete athletics and especially in the decathlon, where he also had many distinctions. He was a member of the National Athletics Teams Group. He served in the Nautical and in 1960 he graduated with a scholarship from the Fulbrad Foundation, at the School of Urban Planning and Planning of the Illinois Technological Institute and in 1963 he received his diploma.
In 1967 he made his doctorate in Chicago Spatial Planning.
In 1974, he was an important link in the founding of PASOK, which tried to organize it on the most beloved islands of Kefalonia and Ithaca, which he succeeded.
In 1981 he was elected MP of Kefalonia and Ithaca and was appointed Minister of Regional Planning and the Environment. In 1985 he was re-elected MP with PASOK in Kefalonia and Ithaca and in 1986 became Minister of National Education and Religious Affairs, but he resigned on 9-5-1988.
He became a member of the International Tribunal for the Rights and Liberation of the Peoples, where he also participated actively.
Its deletion from PASOK took place on 13 March 1989 and the following day it published the book “New Start”.
On May 19, 1989 he founded the “Greek Radical Movement” but fails in the elections.
On 14-10-1991 he was elected Mayor of Athens with the aim of restoring the historicity of the city, but he did not succeed to be justified because on 7-4-1992 he suddenly dies.


He was born and raised in Argostoli and very soon he arrived in the UK where he began his studies, the beginning of a brilliant career. His first degree is in Aeronautics from the British Airways (BSc in Aeronautics from Imperial College (1975)). He then went to the USA where he obtained a PhD in Applied Mathematics and Applied Mathematics from the California Institute of Technology (1979) in Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics. His third degree was also acquired in the US and the field is different from the previous. He obtained a medical degree from the Medical School of the University of Miami (MD from the University of Miami, School of Medicine (1986)). Today he is a Doctor of the University of Cambridge.
Observing the titles of this great scientist’s degree may be surprised by the great variety. Aeronautics, Applied Mathematics, Theoretical Physics, and Medicine are distinct areas that can hardly be tracked by everyone during their lifetime. Professor Fokas has managed to excel in all these distinct areas, something he might think impossible. He is perhaps one of the few scientists who have achieved this.
One of his important achievements is to obtain a prize in Mathematics from the Mathematical Community of London. More specifically he won the NAYLOR PRIZE of the London Mathematical Society in 2000.


Laskaratos was the great satirical poet, the philosopher and social militant of Kefalonia. There was a bright spirit that fought a corrupt, aristocratic society, that of the Eptanisos in 1830-1860, which hurt him to fight, but he never retreated or was ever defeated.
He was born in Lixouri, Kefalonia, in 1811 and his family was aristocratic, of the Typaldos generation. He grew up with two private teachers, the priest Eugene Diogenes and Spy Trekas, who had taken care of his education very early. Laskaratos went to stay at his uncle’s home in the district of Della-Vedima, where he met Lord Byron . Then he will become a student at the Ionian Academy of Corfu with professor Andreas Kalvos. In Corfu will meet our great poet Dionysios Solomos, from whom he will receive important advice.
He studied law at the Ionian Academy, Paris and Pisa.
In 1844 his father dies and undertakes property management. He builds a house in Ratsata, Palladian, and tries to make relations with the locals and suggest new crops, but they reject him completely. After that he returns to Argostoli and dedicates himself to writing.
In 1845 he published his poetic work titled “The Lixuri in 1836”.
Later, going to Athens, will meet the woman of his life, Penelope, daughter of Dimitris Korgialenia, and their bond will last a lifetime.
In 1862 he published “My Cruises for the Lychno” and the “Mysteries of Kefalonia” with which he wants to present himself as the social militant of his homeland, to condemn those who represented Cleric and politics and exploited the ignorance of the people. This book was the cause of his excommunication by the bishop, who asks him to renounce his ideas, but Laskaratos, risking his life, does not put them down.
He also publishes “Here man or human characters” in 1886, “Reflections or a collection of wise opinions in Greek and Italian language”, “Autobiography”, “Customs, customs and glories of Kefalonia” and others.
In 1901, Andreas Laskaratos will die in deep ages, 90 years old.
Laskaratos’ moral work was totally identified with his moral life and he has always been in our memory and in Literature as one of the most spiritual intellectuals.


Andreas Tzakis M.D., is a famous transplant surgeon who has long collaborated with the Institute for Research on Diabetes (DRI) and recently became Director of Microsurgery at the Institute at the Cell Transplant Center.
Former director of the Pediatrics School, Liver Transplantation and Gut Transplant Programs of the University of Pittsburgh, Dr. Tzakis joined the University of Miami University in 1994 as a co-Director with Joshua Miller, MD, Department of Transplantation and as Director of the Department surgical procedures, the newly created Department of liver and intestinal transplantation.
With the University of Pittsburgh Transplant Group, Tzakis performed numerous pioneering surgical interventions, including the world’s first successful tissue transplantation from a pancreas in collaboration with Camillo Ricordi, M.D., Daniel Mintz, M.D., and Rodolfo Alejandro, M.D. of the Institute of Diabetes Research. Dr. Tzakis is considered to be the world’s leading transplant surgeon, says Dr. Ricordi.
He was selected to carry out all the most complex cases at the University of Pittsburgh and is a big chapter and a unique scholar at DRI and the University of Miami.
In addition to being a complete liver transplant surgeon, Tzakis is a key contributor to the development of intestinal transplantation and multi-organ transplantation as viable procedures for both children and adults. In recent years he has carried out historical liver transplants from monkeys to people at the Pittsburgh Medical Center.
In Miami, Dr. Tzakis plans to continue his research into cross-species transplants. It also collaborates with DRI in clinical studies to induce tolerance to organic cell transplants without the need for long-term immunosuppression therapy.
In collaboration with Dr. Ricordi, it transplants the donor bone marrow cells along with the transplanted organs, tissues or cells to create an Achimerism condition, or the donor and recipient cells, in the body of the patient’s transplant .
The transfer of donor and recipient cells between the grafted organ and the recipient is considered as a basic mechanism for the acceptance of foreign tissue. It also leads a research effort to introduce new genes that bone marrow cells that could suppress the immune response to donor cells.
Dr. Andreas Tzakis, is a Greek, in particular Kefalonitis, and obtained his first degree from the University of Athens. He completed Surgery at the Sinai Medical Center in New York. Upon completion of Surgery under Harry Sozoff, M.D. and Felix Rapaport, MD, Professor of Surgery and Head of Transplantation at New York State University in Stony Brook, Tzakis successfully completed a two-year scholarship, transplantation under Thomas E. Starzl, M.D., Ph. D., at the University of Pittsburgh. Author or co-author of more than 300 studies, Tzakis is a member of several professional organizations and has often pressed Congress and the National Donor Network to give more emphasis to patients’ need and less to geographical limits when deciding on the availability of organs


Aleka Papariga was born in Athens on November 5, 1945. Her parents were Nikos and Kiki Drosou, who were resistance fighters and members of the KKE, who came from Kefalonia. He studied at the Department of History and Archeology of the University of Athens, and then worked as an employee in business and as a teacher.
In 1961, he participated in the Peace Movement. He was a member of the youth organization of the EDA. and the tripartite secretariat of the Lambrakis Democratic Youth Student Office. In 1968, during the dictatorship, it was organized in the CCP and was active in the movement of the families of political prisoners. He was arrested by the colonel junta and detained for 4 months.
In 1974 he became a member of the office of the Party Committee of the Party Party of Athens and dealt with the women’s movement. She was among the founding members of the Women’s Federation of Greece and participated in the organization of events for the International Year of Women. In 1978 he was elected a member of the Central Committee of the KKE and in 1986 a member of the Political Bureau.
On February 27, 1991, he was elected Secretary General of the Central Committee of the party, where he was re-elected at the party’s next meeting on May 26, 1996. At the 2009 Congress, which ended on February 22nd of that year, his secretary was once again elected party. She was the first woman general secretary of the CCP and the first woman leader of a party in Greece. she is a Member of the B of Athens with the CCP. from the 1993 elections to the present.
When it took over the leadership, this period was one of the most difficult for the KKE: In 1989, it also set up a single Coalition, the Coalition of the Left and Progress. In the same year, KNE is split, members are removed and removed, except for members of the KNE – and 15 members of the KE. In 1991, a second split took place. A team of executives, “rejuvenating” – seeks radical renewal. The role of Papariga is decisive. He is faithful to the KKE, and in what he advocates, but also in his “hard line” manages to assemble a 48% of the delegates, with a small difference from the “renaissance”. While things going abroad, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, they are even worse. Eventually, on June 24, 1991 the KKE addresses its world and the gathering, at the Field of Areas, Papariga, makes it clear:
“We are not negotiating the independent existence of the KKE”
Finally, he is one of those responsible for the creation of PAME, which was founded in 1999.
The JV, which emerged from the 19th Congress, elected in the post of General Secretary. Dimitris Koutsoumpas. Aleka Papariga remained Chairman of the KKE parliamentary group.
On January 8, 2015, her candidacy was announced as the head of the Greek Communist Party State Electoral Commission for the January 2015 Election in which she was elected.
He married reporter Thanassis Papariga, son of Mitsos Papariga, with whom he had a daughter, Basel and another child who died three years. Her husband passed away on October 11, 2002, after being severely injured in a road accident.


Every year the Municipality of Kefallonia and in particular  K.E.DI.KE in cooperation with the island carriers are organizing multitude Carnival events in which give the opportunity to  young and old carnival members to participate and have fun.

The celebration of the custom of Pancake Day, the local carnival parades, the game of treasure and of course the great Carnival parade on Sunday, where  the whole island participate and dance to frenetic rhythms of the carnival are indicative of some of them.

Finally the Clean Monday with the traditional “koulouma”, who celebrated throughout the island with the organization of events and the participation of cultural and dance associations.


Separately folk customs and solemn religious events found Easter in Kefallonia. The Holy Week is celebrating with solemnity where all the

Faithful present with reverence to the beautiful churches on the island. The Palm Sunday, the procession of the Epitaph, breaking “Stamna” in Cobblestone, the Resurrection on the main square and the churches of the villages, the baking of lamb in connection with theatrical performances and a wide range of cultural happenings make the celebration of Easter in Kefallonia.

May day

May Day is celebrated with events in central squares of the island with the participation of dance and cultural associations.

Flowers and crafts exhibitions are organized and bolder celebrate the first day of May making their first swim in the sea.

Cultural summer

A modern and flexible tourism policy can only be directed to the promotion of tradition combined with contemporary cultural creation, with specific objectives the promotion of cultural continuity, fun, entertainment, experiential knowledge that can be sensed with the active participation of locals and tourists in cultural events.

To achieve this ambitious policy every year  organized various events on the island of Cephalonia during the summer months, aimed at viewing the Ionian tradition of local cultural creation of cultural syncretism and aspects of contemporary culture, elements that  constituting at the singular and enviable civilization.

These events involve both traditional cultural associations and artists of the island and artistic shapes and missions from various parts of Greece and Europe. In particular, the cultural summer ‘puzzle’ of Kefalonia, compose with great success traditional serenades and “peratzades” in Cobblestone, the concerts of barcarolle, philharmonics schools of Kefalonia, the People’s Culture Week, festivals with live music and traditional dances along with concerts by famous artists, music festivals, summer film festivals, art exhibitions and theatrical performances.

  • Fair Robola.
  • Serenades.
  • Barcarolle.
  • Saristra Festival.
  • SeaNema Festival.
  • The feast of St. John the Lampadiaris combined with the revival of traditional marriage. ChristmasThe lighting of the Christmas tree in the central square of Argostoli defines each year the start of Christmas events in the Christmas village, placed every year in Central Square of Argostoli with varied music and dance programs. The programs include numerous cultural, music, dances, and movies in the theater for kids. It is noteworthy that similar events are organized in villages.

    Local fairsRich in local customs, the island of Kefallonia enables the visitor through events such as festivals to experience the tradition and culture of the island. During the year many festivals take place, where the visitor is given the opportunity not only to enjoy the rich musical and cultural tradition of Kefallonia but also to taste the traditional products and enjoy the local dishes. Typical of the festivals of the island are the participation of Culture and dance clubs.Sports eventsInternational Festival of Gymnastics “ANNA POLLATOY”.The Athletic Gymnastics Association of “Eptanison Kefallonia”,since 1988,having patience ,perseverance ,planning and targets ,laid the foundations for advancing gymnastics on the Island. Since then it has established, via athletic exchanges between other gymnastics associations from Greece and abroad the promotion of “Gymnastics for all” having as a result the annual International Festival of Kefallonia. TheParticipation of the Municipality of Kefallonia and the Region of Ionian Islands, result in the ever increasing success of the Festival every year. The Festival was renamed in 2014 at the 26th running of International Festival of Gymnastics for All “ANNA POLLATOU” as a minimum tribute to Olympic medalist and athlete A.G.S EPTANISON ANNA POLLATOU who died unfortunately died so prematurely.FootracingIn our island conducted statutory popular races of various distances from 2 to 33 km per year and two races in the field comprising various events retrospectively. Specifically organized: The VALLIANEIOS Argostoli (10000m), THE PATH OF THE WIND (8000m) MOUNTAINOYS in Ancona, THE ANTYPEIA (5300m) in Pylaros, THE AKOUATHLON AND ROAD (5000m) in Lourdas THE FΟΚΑΤΑ (5250m) in Fokata, The LASKARATEIOS (7500m) in Lixouri AROUND THINAIAS EARTH (7100m) in Ancona, The KOULOURA (2000m) in Omala ,ΤΗΕ ROUND OF ELIOS OR FWKAIA(8300m) in Valeriano, THE ROUND OF PYRGI (3500m) in Pyrgi The LEIVATHONIOS (5100m ) in Kourkoumelata Lourdas-Trapezaki (2200m) in Lourdas THE ROUND OF Kaminarata (4000m) Kaminarata, RACE ROAD Vilatoria (1500m) in Vilatoria, THE STREET OF KOUNOPETRA (5000m) Kounopetra-Matzavinata, The TILEMACHEIOS (12000m) Poros-Skala,THE ROUND OF  AGROSTOLI- LIXOURI (33000 and 10000m), THE KRANIPATI (17000m and 10000m) in the mountainous region of Kranias and where appropriate  FISKATHLO (5000m) in Fiskardo. While on the court are organized the Tritseia and Vergoteia.Almost all of the games are supported by volunteers, kilometric indications and appropriate labeling.RACING TRACKOne of the most important sporting events of the island of Kefallonia is the organization of the athletics competitions “TRITSEIA” and “VERGOTEIA”. 

    1. Racing track of Veterans Athletes “TRITSEIA”.

    The Benefit Enterprise of Kefalonia Municipality in cooperation with the Association of Veteran Athletes of racing track and the ANTONIS TRITSIS Foundation organize each year track events in memory of our compatriot ANTONI TRITSI.

    1. Racing Track “VERGOTEIA”.

    Every year in the Argostoli Municipal Stadium “Andreas Vergotis” are organized the ‘Vergoteia” track events. The name of the Games from their establishment as VERGOTEIA is a timeless way of gratitude to Vergoti family for the great gifts and benefactions in our Island.

    Cycling Tour


    The cultural and embellishing association of Poros ”  PRONISOS ” with co-organizer the Cycling Club of Patras, is organizing  the KEFALONIA BIKE CHALLENGE under the auspices of the Municipality of Kefallonia and K.E.DI.KE.. The Kefalonia Bike Challenge is a touristic cycling challenge in our beautiful Kefallonia, where cyclists participants will have to cover the 207.8 km, that is the largest segment of the island in time 13 hours and 30 minutes. This event is not competitive since each cyclist autonomously completes the journey following his/her own rhythm. Winners are ALL those who finish the line on time.

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